Stem cells are the unspecialized, immature cells in the body. The cells can grow into any specialized cell through cell differentiation. The main sources of stem cells in the body are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells are located in tissues and organs in the human body including your dental pump within the teeth. Embryonic stem cells can turn into any body cell. However, there is a great ethical debate on the use of embryonic stem cells for treatment and medical research.
Stem cells dentistry is a dental retrieval and storage procedure that uses stem cells. The stem cells help in the treatment of various dental problems. Stem cells from one area of your body can be transplanted into another area of your body. The cells can grow into the completely different type of tissue. The ability of the cells to regenerate and grow tissues is the main focus of stem cells dentistry in the field of medicine.
What is the procedure
The stem cells dentistry procedure uses the patient’s stem cells for the biologically compatible therapies and to tailor the treatment procedure to solve the dental problem. The therapies investigate the various treatment options for different dental conditions including neurodegenerative conditions.
Patients with bone fractures, dental problems, cancer, spinal fusion problems and brain injury are receiving stem cells treatment option. The new research is still under review. It is expected to receive FDA approval. Many other therapies are still in the development stages but with promising results.
There is a growing need for new treatment options to help the ever-growing demand for better medical treatments for the ailing dental problems. Harvesting and storing stem cells is a good way of ensuring that there are stem cells available for future use when a great need arises.
How it is performed
Dental stem cells do not involve a difficult process. In fact, the process is easy. The specialists take healthy stem cells which the body discards on a routine basis due to the routine dental procedures or tooth extractions. The stem cells are present in the pulp of your healthy teeth and are easily accessible.
Getting stem cells from the teeth is not controversial as it is non-evasive, less expensive and less dependent on timing. The extracted loose healthy teeth from an adolescent are used for orthodontic treatment. The extracted wisdom teeth are the best one to consider for the dental treatment.
Researchers obtain stem cells from baby teeth as it is convenient, simple, causes no trauma. The child recovers easily as the body restores the tooth loss. Using your stem cells has few or not risks of developing any immune rejections or reactions after a transplant. This eliminates any potential risks of contracting diseases from the stem cell donor.
Stem cells are extracted from developing permanent teeth or wisdom teeth. It is recommended to recover the stem cells when you are still young and healthy because the cells proliferate and strong.
The dentist will examine your dental and determine the optimal removal time. The procedure gives you an importunity to recover your teeth for the stem cell preservation when the teeth are removed. The extraction of bicuspid teeth prepares you for orthodontic treatment and a chance to get your dental health back.
How to prepare
The stem cells in teeth are powerful in the human body. Researchers love them because they replicate at a faster rate and have a longer period than other stem cells from tissues or organs. Stem cells age over time. The rate of degeneration slows down with advancement in age. Therefore, the earlier your stem cells are extracted when still young, the higher the chance of having valuable cells when most needed.
The process begins by extraction of the permanent or wisdom teeth. The stem cells are found in the pulpal tissue of your teeth. After storing the pupal tissue, the specialist can use it to treat a mandibular defect. There are hundreds of exciting dental research projects worldwide involving dental stem cells.
Stem cells from your dental are mesenchymal meaning they have the potential to repair tissues including neural tissues, heart, osseous or corneal tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent. The cells can differentiate into different cell types like chondrocytes, osteocytes, myocardiocytes, and neurons. The cells can treat diseases like heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and more.
Regenerative medicine uses stem cells to research on various treatment options. It is the future of medicine. Pulpal tissues will be useful in the coming years in clinical application.
Therapies are still in the initial stages. The good news is that stem cell treatment is on the increase in the last ten years. More patients are becoming aware of the need to have dental stem cells storage for future use when needed. Using a public bank may be difficult because the doctors must find the matching genetic makeup.
As healthcare professionals, patients need to be aware of new technologies that are at their disposal. Researchers are making new advancements in dental technology yearly to keep up with the medical technology.